The Problem of Energy Crisis
The energy crisis refers to the fact that we may run out of energy. There is the danger that humans may experience severe energy shortages in the coming decades. This may result in shortages of power, difficulties with agriculture and so on.
From time immemorial people have used cow-dung and firewood as the main sources of energy. Later they have begun to use coal and petroleum and most recently nuclear and solar energy.
The rise in consumption of petroleum and its products during the last two decades has increased very much and the stock of petroleum and other sources of energy are fast depleting.
In fact, the world has become frightened over the energy crisis. The oil-producing countries have held the whole world to collect money and have increased the price of oil manifolds recently, hitting specially the developing and underdeveloped countries below their bets.
The causes of energy shortages include:
- Over-reliance on non renewable energy sources.
- Poor energy infrastructure.
- Some countries siphoning energy off from others.
- Poor energy efficiency.
- Overuse of energy.
Below, you will find out how to solve the energy crisis.
Impact of Energy Crisis
This crisis of conventional energy source is standing on the way of socio-economic growth in the developing and underdeveloped countries. Of petroleum products, diesel and kerosene are much more extensively used in India to run pump-sets and tractors in agricultural fields and domestic usages. At the present rate of consumption, the source of all conventional energy are depleting at a faster rate.
Solution of Energy Crisis
It is heartening to note that scientists and technologists have taken steps to face the crisis. They are advising both short and long-term measures.
We can solve the problem of energy crisis, if we do the simple acts as below:
- Use less energy.
- Improve energy infrastructure.
- Save energy where possible.
- Rely less on fossil fuels.
- Switch to renewable energy.
- Go vegan – vegan foods are less energy intensive to produce.
- Fly less.
- Drive less.
- Take public transport.
- Campaign to improve awareness of the energy crisis.
- Educate others about the energy crisis.
- Install energy-efficient appliances in the home.
- Save water.
- Do not waste food.
- Insulate your property.
In the rural areas people are being advised to use more agricultural wastes and cow-dung. Bio-gas plants should have to be encouraged for cooking and lighting purpose. Hydroelectric power stations, though they produce only 12% of the total power in India, should be encouraged further. Geological explorations are to be intensified for locating deposits of natural gas.
But the most interesting is that in this moment of crisis scientists have already started works to preserve atomic and solar energy, an endless source of energy. They have already developed solar cooking range though not commercially.
India has also built some nuclear power stations for power generation.
In conclusion, it appears that the challenge of the crisis casts shadow on every section of mankind and this crisis, while acute, may be solved if the whole mankind and also the scientists and the technologists face it.