Brain Drain is a constituent of Human Capital Flight which is the total net costs of those who receive advanced training at home to the sending country.
Human capital flight on its own is the emigration of people who received advanced training at their home country. The other constituent of Human capital flight is brain gain which is the benefits for the receiving country.
The main cause of India’s Brain Drain is emigration. Emigration is defined as the movements of individual out of a particular country or geographical area to another.
Types of human capital flight
- Organizational: moving from one organisation to another is they are no longer comfortable.
- Geographical: moving from their area of residence in a search for greener pastures.
- Industrial: moving from one sector of the industry to another to find the one that will suit them.
Because of Brain drain, India gets deprived them of its skilled labour that would have contributed immensely to its growth.
By Ananda (2019)