What is an ecosystem? An ecosystem is a distinct community made up of animals, plants and other life forms. Humans are part of ecosystems, and so are all of the organisms that we see around us.
All of the beings in this community interact, affect each other and depend on each other too. That is what makes an ecosystem a ‘system’.
Major types of ecosystem: There are various types of ecosystem in the world, and below you will find out all about them.
- Aquatic: watery ecosystems. The two major types includes (1) marine ecosystem (salty water) and (2) fresh water ecosystem (non-salty water). The marine ecosystem consists of organisms living in seas and oceans. The fresh water ecosystem includes river, ponds, and lakes.
- Terrestrial: ecosystems on land. Terrestrial ecosystems can be further subdivided into smaller categories, such as:
- Desert ecosystems: Organisms living in dry desert climates.
- Forest ecosystems: The ecosystem of the forests. .
- Mountain ecosystems: The plants animals and birds that survive high up on mountains.
Importance: The importance of ecosystems.
- These communities shape who we are and what our needs are.
- Ecosystems are important for biodiversity.
- Ecosystems are delicate and beautiful phenomena.
- Communities of organisms working together has driven evolution.
- Ecosystems are fascinating to study.
Conclusion: Appreciating the importance of ecosystems should motivate us to safeguard them at all times.