National Science Day is a national festival which is celebrated each year on February 28. National Science Day is commended for remembering the discovery of the ‘Raman Effect,’ which caused well known Indian scientist Sir CV Raman or Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman to win the Noble Prize in 1930 in the stream of Physics.
Raman Effect is characterized by a phenomenon in the field of spectroscopy which was found by the prominent physicist while working in a laboratory of the Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Kolkata.
National Science Day was first celebrated on February 28, 1987, and since then it is celebrated as a national festival every year.
Few things to know about the National Science Day
- In 1986, the National Council for Science and Technology Communication also known as NCSTC solicited the Government of India to declare February 28 to be celebrated as the National Science Day, for which the then Government acknowledged and proclaimed the day as National Science Day.
- The fundamental goal celebrating this as a National Science Day is to signify the message of the significance of science and its wide application amongst the inhabitants of India.
- For National Science Day 2018 the theme chosen is making use of Science and Technology to create a Sustainable Future, which has been opted to raise appreciation of the public for scientific issues and bring about a general awareness too.
- National Council for Science and Technology Communication also known as NCSTC of Department of Science and Technology or DST is one of the nodal office which helps to catalyze and organize the celebrations associated with the National Science Day all over the nation, especially in logical research laboratories and scientific institutions.
- DST had organized National Awards in 1987 to empower, recognize and encourage the exceptional endeavors in the stream of science communication and popularization and in developing scientific temper. Dr. Raghbir Singh Khandpur from Punjab was chosen for National Award for his Outstanding Efforts in the field of S&T Communication in the year 2017. He was honored with a prize amount of Rs.2,00,000/ – (Rupees two lakh), a citation and also a memento. Apart from this, other National Awards were of a value of Rs.1,00,000/ – (Rupees one lakh), along with a citation and memento.
- NSD also received another prestigious award in the year 2017 for the national award for women development by using science and technology. This award was bestowed on Socio-cultural development center located at Jagatsinghpur, Odisha. It was of a value of Rs 15 lakhs along with a citation and memento.
- Sir CV Raman had received the highest civilian award which is Bharat Ratna in the year 1954. He began his experiments to study the light’s scattering and invented the Raman spectroscopy. It is used to observe the rational, vibrational and low frequency modes present in a system. It is commonly used in laboratories and is important to choose the substance using which light is scattered.
- In the year 1930, the Nobel Prize in physics was won by Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman for his contribution to the study of scattering of light and the discovery he made.
This day is of huge importance for students and scientists that are associated with the Science stream. There are numerous exhibitions and events organized on this day at organizational, state and national level too.