The Golden temple is the most important place of worship in the Sikh religion in India. In Sikh religion the place of worship is called a Gurdwara. In that sense, the Golden temple is the holiest Gurdwara and a premier place of holy pilgrimage in the Sikh religion.
The Golden temple is located in the city of Amritsar in the state of Punjab in India. Just like in any Gurdwara, the Holy Scripture of Sikh religion called the Guru Granth Sahib, which is also considered the embodiment of the current and ever-lasting Guru of Sikh religion, is place on an elevated throne in the central chamber of the Golden temple.
The Granth present in the Golden temple is called the Adi Granth and is the first rendition of the Guru Granth Sahib, compiled by the fifth Sikh Guru, Guru Arjan Singh.
The Golden temple has a square floor plan, and the architectural beauty is that the temple complex is built around a man-made lake. The first version of the Golden temple was built from 1581 to 1589 by the fifth Guru of Sikhism, Guru Arjan Singh. At that time, the structure did not have the current ‘Golden architectural aura.’ Maharaja Ranjit Singh who is considered the founder of the Sikh Empire, finally rebuilt the current Golden temple in early nineteenth century. He covered the central Sanctum Sanctorum, with a gold foil. Hence the shrine is since called the Golden temple. Over the centuries, several religious and political structures are built in the temple complex.
Though Golden temple is the holiest shrine of the Sikh religion, people of all religions are faith from all over the world visit it every year.