The commonly known Mango tree, scientifically belongs the genus Mangifera Indica also called as the Indian Mango tree. But more broadly speaking there are many varieties of the Mango tree that are covered under the general genus Mangifera of various types.
The Mango tree is a variety of a big sized tree that bears the popular fruit called as the Mango. The Mango fruit is roundish to heart-like in shape and comes in various sizes, roughly the average size of a human fist, or even double that size in some varieties. It is a mixture of yellow, pink, orange, red colours when ripe and raw mango fruit is deep green in colour.
The Mango fruit has a unique sweet taste when ripe and the raw Mango is sour-salty in taste. Both the ripe and raw Mango fruits are used and consumed widely in India, Asia and exported and consumed across the world. The Indian subcontinent is the largest cultivator of Mango trees, followed by other Asian countries like China, Thailand, etc. From here the fruit is exported to all countries of the world.
Climate and geography
The Mango tree grows best in a typical tropical climatic and geographical conditions. It requires a humid, hot climate for its fruit bearing season. But it also requires a lot of water after plantation and hence the monsoon season in the Indian subcontinent suits the tree very well for its rapid growth. The summer season is the typical fruit-bearing season for the Mango tree. Just before the summer season, in spring, the Mango tree flowers and the typical sweet fragrance of the flowering of the Mango trees started spreading in the air around. With the onset of the summer season the fruit-bearing season starts and this also has a typical fragrance of the ripe Mango fruit spreading in the air around, typically of the ripe fruit.
The Mango tree branches and leaves are used an auspicious symbol in many religious and cultural ceremonies in the Hindu religion in the Indian subcontinent.
Many coastal regions in the Indian subcontinent have Orchard farmers of Mango trees. This is considered a lucrative, cash crop by the farmers.
The Mango tree is famous for its Mango fruit, and is majorly grown in the Indian subcontinent.