India – Essay 1.
India is an ancient country that is found in South Asia. It is a republic country that was able to attain its independence from the British colonial rulers.
In terms of size, the country is considered to be the seventh largest in the world and it is also the second most populated country in the world after China. It has an estimate population of over 1.3 billion people. The country is rich in culture and also has great geographic features. Its democracies are one of the most populous in the world.
India is a word that was derived from the word ‘Indus’ which is an ancient Persian word from the term Hindu. Evidence of ancient India has been gotten from prehistoric settlements and existence of societies across the country. The country is the birth place of several religions. This includes some religions such as Jainism, Buddhism and Hindu. Ancient India also grew due to powerful dynasties that rose in the country. These dynasties helped to foster political formations in the country. Early European traders who came to the country and the British colonial rulers also make up a great part of the history of the formation of modern-day India.
India as a country features one of the greatest democracies in the world. A democratic republic of India was formed after the Indian people gained independence from the British in 1947. Ever since, the democracy in the country has rapidly grown. The people are free to choose their leaders during elections.
Every citizen of India has fundamental rights that are provided for in the Indian constitution. It is a constitution that was implemented on the 26th of January 1950 after they stopped using the British constitution. The fundamental rights ensure that the citizens are treated fairly and equally and they help to foster peace in the country. As can be seen from the Indian constitution, there are six fundamental rights that every citizen of India is entitled to. They include;
- Freedom to practice their religion.
- The right to equal treatment before the law.
- The freedom of culture and education.
- The freedom of speech.
- The freedom of association.
- The right to take part in constitutional amendments in a bid to protect civil rights.
Indian culture and traditions
India is country that is rich in cultural heritage both in terms of religions and traditions. The culture has evolved for around 4500 years. The culture of the country is proven in terms of their religion, languages, food and also customs. One of the major influences of the Indian culture is religion. This is because various religions including Buddhism, Hindu and Jainism originated in the country.
The cultural architecture of the country is also evident due to some structures such as Taj Mahal and ancient temples. The people in the country also prepare traditional meals which include rice, pearl millet and whole wheat flour meals. These are also staple foods in the country.
The traditions of the people of the country pay a lot of attention to family values. The people prefer to live in extended families except for those in cities who may live in nuclear family settings. A lot of marital unions in the country are also prearranged according to Indian customs. The people also take part in various festivities which include Diwali, Holi, etc. The dressing of the people is also distinct as many females wear saris.
India possesses one of the richest geographical compositions in the world. It has a coastline that measures 7,517 kilometers. The country also has large rivers that drain to the Bay of Bengal. Other physical features in the country include deserts such as the Thar Desert, mountains, hills and plateaus. There is also the Himalaya mountain range which is the highest mountain range in the world. The geographical composition of the country can be divided into four parts which include;
- Himalaya mountain ranges.
- The great Deccan plateau
- Coastal Ghats
- The great Indo-Gangetic plain
States and capitals
India is a country that has a central government and a state government. It has 29 states each of which has its own governor. These states as well as their capitals include;
- Andhra Pradesh state with the capital of Hyderabad (de jure capital). (Note: Amaravati is the proposed capital of Andhra Pradesh)
- Arunachal Pradesh state with the capital of Itanagar
- Assam state with the capital of Dispur
- Bihar state with the capital of Patna
- Chhattisgarh state with the capital of Raipur
- Goa state with the capital of Panaji
- Gujarat state with the capital of Gandhinagar
- Haryana state with the capital of Chandigarh
- Himachal Pradesh state with the capital of Shimla
- Jammu and Kashmir with the capitals of Srinagar (summer), Jammu (winter)
- Jharkhand state with the capital of Ranchi
- Karnataka state with the capital of Bengaluru
- Kerala state with the capital of Trivandrum
- Madhya Pradesh state with the capital of Bhopal
- Maharashtra with the capital of Mumbai
- Manipur state with the capital of Imphal
- Meghalaya state with the capital of Shillong
- Mizoram state with the capital of Aizawl
- Nagaland state with the capital of Kohima
- Odisha state with the capital of Bhubaneswar
- Punjab with the capital of Chandigarh
- Rajasthan with the capital of Jaipur
- Sikkim state with the capital of Gangtok
- Tamil Nadu state with the capital of Chennai
- Telangana state with the capital of Hyderabad
- Tripura state with the capital of Agartala
- Uttar Pradesh state with the capital of Lucknow
- Uttarakhand state with the capital of Dehradun
- West Bengal state with the capital of Kolkata
India’s economy is the sixth largest in the globe. The economy sector of the country can be divided into three parts which are the agricultural sector, industry sector and service sector. They each make up 18.1%, 26.3% and 55.6% of the GDP respectively. The economy of the country is estimated to grow at a rate of 7.5% annually. The country exhibits a low cost of living with it being ranked as an affordable place to stay. The industries that dominate the economy include pharmaceutical, automotive and mining. The country faces an economic challenge of poverty with over millions of people living below the poverty line.
Unity in diversity
India is one of those countries that can be referred to as the most diverse in the world. The country has people of different religions and also different tribes. What shows the unity in diversity that the country portrays is how they unite together in different festivities and celebrations despite the religion to which a festivity belongs. Some of the religions that are present in the country include Christianity, Islam, Hindu and Jainism. Some festivities such as Diwali, Holi, Christmas, and Eid have seen people belonging to all religion taking part in the festivities.
India is a country that has grown since the ancient days. It is a country that is rich in cultural heritage as well as religious heritage. It is a country that also came to existence in the ancient days and over the years, it has greatly transformed to become the modern-day India. It is a democratic country with one of the grates democracies in the world. The economy of the country is also growing rapidly with a lot of dependency on agriculture and other industries. India is also a country that has shown a lot in terms of unity as the people are able to unite despite their religious differences.
India – Essay 2.
India is a very old country and I’m sure everyone knows about it. Its ranks as the 7th largest country in the worlds and second when it comes to population. Other names of Indian state are Hindustan, Bharat and Aryavart. It’s in Peninsula that means Different seas and oceans cover it from different sides like the Arabian Sea, Indian Ocean and Bay of Bengal.
National Animal: National Animal of India is Tiger which shows the strong and powerful people of India.
National Bird: National Bird of Indian State is peacock.
National Flower: It’s lotus
National Fruit: Mango is India’s National fruit.
India’s Flag: It has a tricolour flag. The uppermost is Saffron which means purity. White colour in it means peace. White is in the middle of the flag and has chakra and green means fertility. It’s at the bottom of the flag. There are 24 spokes in chakra which are equally divided.
National Anthem: India’s National Anthem is Jana Gana Mana.
National Song: National song is Vande Matram.
National Sports: India’s National sport is Hockey.
Indian Land: Indian people speak different languages according to the area where they live. This land is rich in culture and traditions. People of different colour, caste and creed live together in peace and harmony.
Religions: There are many religions in India. Some of them are:
Main Occupation: It has two main forms of earning i.e. farming and Agriculture. These two fields are the oldest occupation of Indian people.
Historical Places: It’s a place rich in old history and culture. Kings and princes used to live here and they have built some magnificent pieces of Arts which still are praised by everyone. Some of them are:
- Taj Mahal
- Golden temple
- Qutab Minar
- Fatehpur Sikri
- Red Fort
Conclusion: I love my country very much. It’s a peaceful country where diversity exists in all its colours and forms.
By Ananda (2019)
Last updated: July 18, 2019.