Demonetization – Speech 1.
Regarded Principal, Teachers and students, Today, I want to convey a speech on Demonetization.
Demonetization implies the withdrawal of existing money and issuing new cash in its place. The money loses its substantial tender and they are never again accepted by the merchants consequently of the items sold. For instance, the Indian Government demonetized the distribution of 500 Rupees and 1000 Rupees notes on 8th day of November 2016. The valid tender of this cash became invalid, individuals could never again use this kind of cash to do any exchange. They were required to store the demonetized cash in the bank accounts or trade old notes for new ones with banks.
Demonetization is usually considered to have an appropriate effect in the long haul since it quickens the digitization of the economy. In the event that an economy is essentially money based, and there are expansive money based exchanges, at that point demonetization may promote digital economy. When individuals store their physical money in their bank accounts, they are more likely to utilize digital modes while making payments. Counterfeit cash would get sifted and not be allow to be saved or exchange with goods. This will enable the Government to battle against the issue of phony cash. Due to demonetization, there is a possibility that individuals who had been concealing their income will declare and pay tax on the same.
Trade and economy are influenced, at any rate for the time being. The outcomes of demonetization are that it takes little time for seller and buyer to adjust to the new money and this may cause trade interruptions. The economy of a nation backs off because of interference and disturbance. It may take to the condition of cash crunch since there is small cash available for use because of inaccessibility of big cash denominations. The general interest for items, particularly of extravagance products, is contrarily affected for the time being.
Illiterate individuals find it hard to work through portable debit cards, net banking or wallets facilities. It will make difficult for them if they are not allowed to make hard cash deals, even if it is for a brief time-frame. Aged people cannot wait in line for a longer time for store the demonetized cash into their bank accounts.
On this point, I would like to finish my speech, I wish all of you have an incredible day ahead!
By Ananda (2019)
Demonetization – Speech 2.
Money plays an important role in our daily lives. Economic activity is centered on money. Welcome to all the teachers and students gathered here.
Today I am going to be talking about a decision that changed the Indian economy in many irreversible ways. This was the announcement of demonetization when the government declared that notes of 500 and 100 denomination are no longer valid as legal tender. Therefore, the aimed to take back all currency in circulation and reissued new currency notes.
Demonetization comes from the basic principle that the state has the authority to give money its value. A note of currency holds value as legal tender until the government gives it that position. On 8th November 2016, the Indian Government declared that all notes of 500 and 1000 denomination are no longer acceptable as legal tender. This decision created a huge frenzy across India. Many people did not understand the decision because it was not something usual. They also did not know what they should do with the currency with them. With various speculations and fake news circulation, it created quite frenzy among the public.
The government stated that this was a part of the move to remove black money from the economy and move towards a digital economy. The need for a sudden decision was that it would have led to the conversion of black money into other assets if it were to be decided and informed in prior. Arrangements were made to enable people to deposit the money in hand into their bank accounts. Provisions were also made for converting invalid notes with notes of 100 denomination or the newly issued 2000 rupee notes.
Several measures were taken to make this transition a smooth one. But the problem was that there was a shortage of acceptable currency notes. There were several reports of how people endured severe hardships in changing their money or even buying their basic necessities.
However it paved a path towards increased usage of digital modes of payments and transactions. Taking off a large portion of currency from circulation has created various impacts on the economy. Though,demonetization t has created setbacks and it has paved way for digitization.
Swetha (2019), edited.
Last updated: July 15, 2019.