Jawaharlal Nehru – Essay 1.
Jawaharlal Nehru is a very important person in the history of India. He was a freedom fighter who led the country towards their independence against the British.
Even after independence, he remains to be an extremely relevant person in India. Jawaharlal is considered to be the one who shaped the modern India country.
Birth and Early Life
Jawaharlal Nehru was born on the 14th of November in the year 1889. He was born in the region of Allahabad when India was still under the British rule. The father of Jawaharlal was known as Motilal Nehru who was a wealthy barrister. His father died in the year 1931. The mother of Jawaharlal was known as Swaruprani Thussu. She was from a reputable and well known family.
Jawaharlal used to say that his childhood was one that was sheltered and uneventful. He grew up in a wealthy family and he was also home schooled where his father employed private governesses and tutors to teach him. Nehru also went to Trinity College in Cambridge where he undertook a course in natural science and he graduated with honours in the year 1910.
When Nehru completed his degree course at Trinity College, he went to London where he studied law at Inner Temple. He then went back to India in the month of August 1912 and he worked as an advocate at Allahabad High Court where he also attempted to become a barrister as his father. However, unlike his father, he was not interested in the profession but rather; he had an interest in nationalist politics.
Contribution in Freedom Struggle
Nehru played a very active role in the struggle for Indian independence. He became interested in the politics of the country during his tenure as a barrister and also during his schooling in Britain. He attended the 1912 annual session of the Indian National Congress where he was displeased by the fact that the English people considered themselves as ‘high class’. Nehru was amongst the prominent leaders of the Non-cooperation movement. He also became the president of Lahore session of congress in the year 1929. It was here that he announced that ‘Poorna Swaraj’ would be the goal of the Indian National congress. Nehru was once arrested due to his involvement in the Civil Disobedience Movement. After his arrest, this movement intensified its activities. He also played part in seeking foreign countries and allies that would help India gain its Independence.
First Prime Minister of Independent India
Jawaharlal Nehru was appointed as Prime Minister in the year 1947 to 1964. He was the first Prime Minister of the country and also the one who served for the longest period of time. He became Prime Minister in the month of August 15th 1947. During his consecutive years as Prime Minister, he made many accomplishments both in the economic and social sector. He carried out economic reforms in the rural areas. And he is also remembered as being the one who formed the Planning Commission of India that would be responsible for formulating five year plans for the country’s economy. He died while he was still Prime Minister.
From the year 1959, the children’s day celebration took place on the 20th of November every year. However, after the death of Nehru in 1964, the children’s day celebration in India started taking place on the 14th of November. This day in India was taken to the 14th of November so that it could commemorate the birthday of Nehru who loved children very much. In India, the children’s day celebration is also called ‘Bal Divas’.
Jawaharlal Nehru is an individual who played a very important role in the history of India. His early life and career steered him towards becoming a freedom fighter who along with others led India towards independence from the British. Due to his contributions, Nehru remains to be a hero in India with some celebrations such as the children’s day being celebrated to honor him.
By Mary (2019)
Jawaharlal Nehru – Essay 2.
Jawaharlal Nehru is famous since he was the first prime minister of independent India. He was a very influential leader and participated in the country’s struggle for independence from Britain.
Nehru was a highly educated, forward-looking person who is also responsible for bringing India into the era of modern Industrialisation and technology. He is also often called the architect of India for this reason.
Nehru was the heir apparent of Mahatma Gandhi as far the politics of India were concerned at the time. Nehru came from an affluent family in Allahabad known as the Kashmiri Brahman family.
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was born on 14th November 1889 in Allahabad to Motilal Nehru and Swaroop Rani. He received an outstanding education and graduated from Trinity College, London. He went on to become a successful barrister before he joined the freedom struggle. He married Kamala Nehru.
India had many diverse languages, cultures, as well as the religion during her independence and Nehru, was faced with a daunting task of uniting all these groups. Nehru was successful in his quest to establish different social, economic as well as educational reforms that endeared him to a large section of the Indian population. He also championed for Non-alignment with world powers as well as encouraging people to coexist in peace with others. Nehru advocated for his policy of non-alignment during the cold war period.
He fought the freedom struggle for India alongside Mahatma Gandhi and others. As a leader of Congress, he expressed his vision of a free India in a socialistic setup. He established good relations with all the governments around the world to develop a smooth foreign policy. He also envisioned sound economic planning for the country.
On the midnight of 14th August when India was declared free, he assumed his post as the first Prime Minister of India as he delivered his famous speech ‘Tryst with destiny’ from the Red Fort.
He also wrote the book ‘Discovery of India.’
After his death on 27th May 1964, India declared that Nehru’s birthday would be celebrated as Children’s day. Nehru, also affectionately called Chacha Nehru by children, took a lot of interest in children and education. He established the IITs and IIMs, the premier educational institutions India.
On his death, it was announced to the parliament that ‘the light was out.’
Jawaharlal Nehru was a man who will live in the memories of many Indians for posterity. He is also a key figure in world politics and is usually mentioned alongside other great world leaders.
Last Updated: June 20, 2019