The Jammu and Kashmir is a state of Northern part of India. The state is full of mountain and valleys. The neighbouring states are Himachal Pradesh and Punjab.
Regions: The state consists of three regions:
- Kashmir Valley and
Jammu is situated on a Shivalik hillock with the river Tawi flowing by at the foot of the hill. The mountain ranges and valleys of Kashmir are a rare beauty. Buddhist Culture is widespread in Ladakh and it also known as “Little Tibet”.
Jammu and Kashmir is known for its beauty and is described variously as the Paradise on Earth, the Dream Land, the choicest creation of God etc.
Name: The name Srinagar means the “City of Lakshmi, the Goddess of Wealth”. It was founded by Ashoka the Great. The present city of Srinagar was built by Pravarsena II adjoining the old city.
Existence: Jammu is said to have been founded by Raja Jambu Lochan some 3000 years back.
Capital: Jammu is the Winter Capital of the state whereas Srinagar is the Summer Capital of it. Srinagar is the Largest City of the State Jammu and Kashmir.
Boundary: Jammu and Kashmir has an International Border with China and also Line of Control (LOC) separates Jammu and Kashmir from Pakistan.
Population: As per Census 2011, the total population of this state is 12,548,926. Population wise, it holds 18th position.
Land Area: Its land area is 222,236 sq. km. Land Area wise, it holds 6th rank.
Language: Its Official languages are Kashmiri and Hindi. But there are several other languages which peoples of Jammu and Kashmir like to speak are Dogri, Urdu, English and Ladakhi.
Literacy: Its literacy ratio is 66.7%.
Districts: There are 22 districts present in this state.
Climate: Jammu City is hot in during summer and the temperature reaches up to 40 degree Celsius. The Ladakh region is very cold.
Connectivity: Jammu and Kashmir is well connected with railways, roadways and airways.
Places of Interest: Raghunath Temple is the heart of the city Jammu. Jammu is especially famous for its exquisite Pahari School of Miniature Paintings.
Best Time: The Best times to visit this state are April to October and December to January.
Please also read, Interesting Facts about India.